How's your FICO Score?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan boils down to a single number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills can be analyzed, sliced, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian, the three major credit agencies, each have their own proprietary formula for building a credit score. The original FICO model was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors in calculating a score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are weighted a little bit differently depending on which formula the agency uses. The result is one number. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your credit score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the FICO score is based on your lifelong credit history, so you can't turn it around right away. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Know your FICO
Before you can improve your credit score, you have to get your score and make sure that the credit reports from each credit reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the first FICO credit score, sells scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three agencies. Also available are information and online tools that can help you improve your credit score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is quick and very inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us: (334) 285-8850.