You Credit Score- How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying all types of loans in order to create a FICO score.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following in building your score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted a little bit differently depending on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Typical home buyers will likely find their FICO scores between 620 and 800.
Your FICO score affects how much you pay in interest every month
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your credit score
What can you do about your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Because the score is based on a lifetime of credit history, it is difficult to change it quickly. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
To raise your credit score, you've got to have the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive to get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from all three credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call at (334) 285-8850.