Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an automated, it's probably not that surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history in order to compile this score.
All three major credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following to calculate your score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you have any payments later than 30 days?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on which formula the agency uses. The result is one number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most folks who want to get a mortgage loan in the current environment have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the score is based on your lifetime credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Know your FICO
In order to improve your score, you must get the reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from all three credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Call us at (334) 285-8850.