Ratio of Debt to Income
Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to decide the most you can pay monthly after you've paid your other recurring debts.
How to figure your qualifying ratio
For the most part, underwriting for conventional loans needs a qualifying ratio of 28/36. An FHA loan will usually allow for a higher debt load, reflected in a higher (29/41) ratio.
The first number in a qualifying ratio is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income that can go to housing costs (this includes mortgage principal and interest, private mortgage insurance, homeowner's insurance, property tax, and homeowners' association dues).
The second number is what percent of your gross income every month that should be applied to housing costs and recurring debt together. Recurring debt includes things like auto/boat payments, child support and monthly credit card payments.
A 28/36 qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .28 = $980 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .36 = $1,260 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .29 = $1,015 can be applied to housing
- Gross monthly income of $3,500 x .41 = $1,435 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses
If you'd like to calculate pre-qualification numbers on your own income and expenses, we offer a Mortgage Qualification Calculator.
Don't forget these are just guidelines. We will be thrilled to help you pre-qualify to determine how much you can afford.
First Community Bank of Central Al. can answer questions about these ratios and many others. Give us a call at (334) 285-8850.