How's your FICO Score?
Because we live in an automated, you're probably not surprised to hear that your creditworthiness comes down to a single number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three credit reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following in calculating your score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
Each of these factors is assigned a value and a weight. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little from one agency to another. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers in the current environment have a score above 620.
FICO makes a difference in your interest rate
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
How can you raise your credit score? Because the score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it's very hard to significantly improve the number with quick fixes. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
Getting your credit score
Before you can improve your score, you must obtain your score and be sure that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the original FICO credit score, offers scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three agencies. They also provide information and tools that help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call: (334) 285-8850.