Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
This score is built by credit reporting agencies. These agencies use the payment history from all of your loans: mortgages, car/motorcycle/boat loans, credit cards, etcetera.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following in calculating your credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for a short time?
- Payment History - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The result is a single number: your credit score. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Most folks who want to get a mortgage in the current environment have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I improve my credit score?
How can you raise your FICO score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You must remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report, which is the only way to quickly improve your credit score.
Getting your FICO score
Before you can improve your FICO score, you must obtain your score and ensure that the credit reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with credit reports from all three reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Give us a call: (334) 285-8850.