About the FICO Credit Score
Since we live in an computer-driven world, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage comes down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying all types of loans in order to create your FICO score.
TransUnion, Equifax, and Experian, the three major credit reporting agencies, each have a proprietary formula for building a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While the formulas vary from one agency to another, all of the agencies use the following to build a score:
- Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is always better. Most home buyers will probably find their credit scores above 620.
FICO makes a difference in your interest rate
Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your credit score
Is there any way to improve your credit score? Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You should, of course, remove any incorrect data from your credit report; this is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
Getting your FICO score
In order to raise your credit score, you must have the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three reporting agencies. Also available are helpful information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Armed with this information, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about your credit score? Give us a call at (334) 285-8850.