Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to just one number.
This score is created by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans and the like.
All three credit reporting agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following factors in calculating your credit score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you hold? How much do you owe on your accounts?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are weighted slightly differently depending on the formula being used. The result is one number. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I raise my FICO score?
Is there any way to improve your credit score? Despite what you hear from "credit repair" companies, the score is formulated from your lifelong credit history, so it's not possible to raise it significantly in the short term. (Of course you can and should remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
How do I find out my FICO score?
To raise your credit score, you've got to get the reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as reports from all three credit reporting agencies. They also provide information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from all three agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Call us at (334) 285-8850.