Purchasing a home is probably the biggest investment you will make in your lifetime. So before you commit to the transaction, you want to be certain that the "title" of the property is clear of any other claims.
A title company does all the research to insure that a property has clear title. Making sure that a property is clear of all legal encumbrances is the job of a title insurance company.
You pay the title company a single premium which includes the cost of verifying clear title and covers you in case some fault is later discovered in the title.
The title insurance company performs an extensive search on the property's title history. Through its research, the title insurance company can usually find any title problems and have these problems cleared-up before you close on the property.
Because Real Estate Law is so complex, you need an expert to make sure that all previous transactions have been correct, so you don't end up with legal problems or a problem selling your property. Your title insurance owner's policy will describe the property and outline any recorded limitations on your ownership. It will also cover what the title company is responsible for. Title insurance usually covers:
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